NOTE: Use below Textbook and 2 Presentations only. 300 Words
Debate: “Do Christians have to keep the Law today?”
Thread: Students will defend on the proposition “Yes, they do,” (Yes, they do was assigned to me based on my last names)
In your thread, you must interact with both the traditional (Reformation) perspective and the New Perspective on Paul, and you must interact directly with Paul’s own writings, especially Galatians and Romans. You must interact with all assigned materials, including textbook and presentations. You must document all sources used (including textbook and presentations) in current Turabian format.
1) Encountering the New Testament: A Historical and Theological Survey (Chapters, 18-19)
© 2013 by Walter A. Elwell and Robert W. Yarbrough
1) Stacy, Robert W. “The Crux of the Matter.’’ Course Video, 2021.
2) Stacy, Robert W. ‘’Corinthians and Galatians.’’ Course Video, 2021.
1) PRESENTATION: THE CRUX OF THE MATTER
Impulse correspondence with a Corinthians he frequently tackles an issue that he regards as quintessentially Christian namely the cross for Paul the cross is literally the crux of the matter any attempt to diminish or worse purge the cross from the Christian faith renders the result sub Christian non-Christian even anti Christian that’s why he reacted so passionately pun intended when some in the Corinthian church wanted to turn the Christian faith into a cross less escalator to success. They not only diminish the value of the cross they denied its place and role in the Christian faith and life this poll could not tolerate he lets loose a fool’s speech that reminds the Corinthians that while the cross may be scandalous to the Jews who lusting for power could not bring themselves to believe that Messiah is get crucified and more raw Nic that was his word to the Gentiles who eager for wisdom saw no wisdom in suffering self-denial the cross Paul insists is never the less the power and wisdom of God It’s always a struggle isn’t it to keep the cross the crux of the matter I was guiding a group of pilgrims to the Holy Land and over coffee one evening had a curious conversation with a local tour company representative he expressed some surprise that I was guiding my group who to places most Protestants never go namely the V. I thought also and the Church of the holy several Kirk himself a Palestinian Christian Roman Catholic he expressed astonishment that I would take my group to those places he said that typically Protestants aren’t interested in those places preferring instead Gordon’s Calvary or the garden tomb which we also visit How do you account for that he asked and I said that I thought Protestants prefer the garden tomb to the Via The Also in the holy several Kerr because we prefer to think of a risen triumphant Christ to the crushed and crucified Christ and those places remind us too much of how brutally graphic and horrible the crucifixion was. Observe that Protestants not typically wear crucifixes Jesus is no longer on the cross we protest yes but he was. Paul warns us about skipping over all that brutal cross stuff in order to get more quickly to the resurrection empty tomb and the right hand of God on Hi Paul reminds us that you can’t have a resurrection until somebody dies and die Jesus did the most brutal horrible death imaginable on a cross and yet Paul dares to say for the cross is the power and wisdom of God If you’ve seen Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ you got a glimpse of Gaga it was a violent ugly brutal bloody gruesome scene I think Paul would have applauded Gibson for not sparing us Christians need to see the cross for what it was an obscene shocking brutal murder of the Son of God Only then are we able to comprehend the force of Paul’s language when he says and he became obedient and to death even the death of the cross only then there we saying I have decided to follow Jesus no turning back no turning back till next time take care God bless.
2) PRESENTATION: Corinthians and Galatians
Because of current strategic position on the narrow isthmus connecting mainland a Qaeda to the Peloponnese current became an important center for trade and commerce in the ancient world the capital of the Roman province of the k a Corinth enjoyed both material and cultural benefit it’s also religious mecca of sorts and that the ancient city of Corinth had temples statues and monuments to a plethora of Roman and Greek gods including Apollo who had a fist century temple dedicated to his worship the ruins of which can still be seen today as Clay p.s. the Greek god of healing demo tour of the Anatolian corn Queen an effort diety whose impressive temple stood atop the Aqua Corinth also Corinth was the host to the Isthmian games dedicated to Poseidon the Greek god of the sea and which attracted athletes spectators vendors tent makers who constructed kiosks for the various merchants as well as assorted teachers preachers and writers of one sort or another the immediate provocation for the letter was a report from Chloe’s people that the Corinthian congregation was divided into groups with allegiance to different personalities appalling group a group favoring Apollo’s a pet trying group and Jesus group commensurately Paul received a letter from a Corinthian delegation Stephanus fortune obvious and a care because with a list of questions they want to post the answer even though you only hear poles part of the conversation you can identify the questions as Paul takes them up by his repetitive use of the phrase now concerning the questions had to do with such things as sexual conduct marriage especially in light of their belief in the imminence of the pepper c.-a eating meat that had been previously offered to an idol in worship worship in the Lord’s Supper spiritual gifts and heavenly speech the central issue of her strength insisting nature of the church as Christ’s body and the central theme is. I am determined to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified the essential problem among the Corinthian believers was a kind of spiritual arrogance that led to a distorted relationship with God with one another and with a larger world and 1st Corinthians pope consistently and carefully juxtaposes 2 different and competitive theologies a tale logia Gloria and a tail Crucis a theology of glory and a theology of the cross the former being characterized by arrogant superiority the latter by humility in suffering love the former emphasizing its achievement the latter is faithfulness the former emphasizing difference and Division the latter commonality and unity 1st Corinthians falls naturally into 2 large divisions chapters one through 6 where Paul addresses the divisions of the church created by their cultural accommodation to this the ology of glory and articulate the rim of the by names of his theology of the cross and Chapter 7 through 15 where Paul takes up the questions put to him by the Corinthian delegation as a result the letter can be charted as follows. An important critical issue in the study of 2nd Corinthians is its integrity is a letter partition theories abound with the most popular being that chapters one through 9 and chapters 10 through 13 originally comprising 2 distinct letters with chapters 10 through 13 being the so-called painful letter to which Paul were 1st and 2nd Corinthians chapter 2 verse 4 if that is the case and that is by no means certain the chapters 10 through 13 were composed before chapters one through 9 see the literature for the arguments there are 2 potentially 3 issues which give rise to Paul’s correspondence and 2nd Corinthians 1st appalling critique emerges in the church which causes Paul to make a painful visit 2nd a group of Poland critics who are self-styled super Apostles arrived at Corinth and cast aspersions and dealt both on the credibility of Paul’s apostleship and His Gospel 3rd Paul changes his travel plans and consequently opens himself up for criticism that he was avoiding a showdown with his Corinthian critics because they were more credible and elec eloquent than he but these are mere symptoms the diagnosis is a theology of glory that valued pride and arrogance spiritual superiority and eloquence over what pole believed to be the heart of the Gospel namely the theology of the Cross that prizes suffering a lot of self-denial regarding the other more highly than yourself as Paul will say in Philippians Paul reminds the Corinthians in the face of this threat from the super apostles that their theology of glory and self aggrandizement that the shape of the Body of Christ is cruciform up toward God out toward one another as attention but one might even say sacramentally expression of that cruciform character of the Body of Christ Paul encourages the Corinthians to be diligent in gathering their part of the collection for their Jewish brothers and sisters in Jerusalem arguing that giving is a grace rather than a strategy in which after the manner of Christ one gives expecting nothing in return. Because partition theories abound with 2nd Corinthians it is difficult to track the letters flow or argument with any confidence that said what you see on the screen is a summary of the letter assuming its canonical order Paul felt possessive of the Galatians After all he founded the congregation and so when jesus followers from outside the congregation began to try to influence the Galatians to interpret their faith in ways that Paul felt threatened the very fabric of what it means to be Jesus all over he understandably was picked in Pete and it comes through in Galatians while we do not know for certain who these troublemakers were they are often colloquially called Judeo as are the poll and self does not call them such the term derives from something Paul said to Peter when he confronted him in Antioch for refusing to share table fellowship with non Jews because they didn’t eat kosher Paul says to Peter in front of the entire group if you a Jew should live like a Gentile and not jewish really how can you compelled gentiles to Juday eyes collations to 14 my translation of Paul’s Greek essentially he is calling Peter I think the crit and by extension the troublemakers among the Galatians jesus followers for requiring of others what they themselves do not do those are presenting issue a circumcision the larger issue was that the trouble. Makers’ insisted that Gentiles embrace the same identity markers as Jews if they desired to be associated with the covenant people of God To make matters more missing the trouble makers even seem to have scripture on their side apparently quoting a passage from the Torah Deuteronomy 2726 that pronounced a curse on everyone who did do not who did not do everything written in the Torah Paul takes on their argument and routes it with a spirited repudiation of their premises to critical points 1st that one can actually do everything written in the Torah and 2nd that being a part of the covenant people of God is purely a matter of external torah observance that is things like circumcision and kosher eating pole denies both of those premises. Since the reformation in the Theological Center of Paul’s letter to the collations has traditionally been understood to be collations to 16 interpreted dialectically with justification by faith in justification by works of the law juxtaposed However if one just read Still a letter and lets the flow of the argument develop from beginning to in the theological center of the letter is more likely Galatians 21024 I through the law died to the law that I might live to God I have been crucified with Christ Consequently I live no longer rather Christ lives in me and that which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God who loved me and delivered me for himself my translation that is to say the center of Paul’s theology is not so much justification by faith as the incarnation of Christ in me the rest of Paul’s argument fleshes out if you will this concept that Jesus followers embody and in the late Christ’s own incarnation in that Christ is formed in the believer in such a way so as to make external matters like circumcision and kosher eating moot and irrelevant. God poll seems to argue does not look at external factors such as these and say well he must be want to buy rather God look for the image of his son in Khanate in the life of the believer and says he is one of mine I know him anywhere where one has been crucified with Christ and has Christ in me there is no need for constraint and controls that are purely external material Christ in me not Torah is the law the Jesus follower obeys as is typical of Paul he backs the camera up to give the Galatians some perspective on their Procul squabble by said he did in the larger cosmic context of the apocalyptic battle between God and the forces employing imagery in the language of Jewish apocalyptic Paul argues that there are 2 competing systems in gauged in cosmic struggle for supremacy and the current goal ation dispute is but a local indigenous expression of that struggle to use c.s. Lewis’ image the galatians were caught behind in the lines in the cosmic battle between God and the forces for Paul in the early jesus followers that struggle has already been decided when Jesus defeated the forces for his life ministry death and resurrection the battle is over polarized the coalitions God has already won don’t live as though he hasn’t. Paul begins Galatians as a typical letter with a greeting and salutation in Galatians chapters $1.00 and $2.00 what is a typical English is however is the fact that Paulo omits the usual Thanksgiving for the Galatians reflecting his frustration and disappointment with the Galatians congregation for succumbing to the Gospel parody preached by the trouble makers pulled in engages in a spirited defense both of his own apostleship and His Gospel the central thesis of the letter sometimes referred to in rhetorical analysis as its proposition is given in Chapter 2 verses 15 to 21 the essence of which. Is that the law was not sufficient to affect God’s plan of salvation for his people rather that plan has been affected in the person of Jesus Christ in the lessons chapters 3 survive then in a lengthy development of the central thesis Paul defends his argument by doing what a good Jewish thinker always does namely he appeals to the Jewish scripture for support in the last part of the letter Paul moves from theology to ethics if righteousness is as Paul has asserted and inside out affair not an outside in affair then Jesus followers live out their faith by fulfilling the self giving law of love after the pattern of Christ who is being formed in them by the spirit rather than by observing constraints that are purely external and material.